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UNDERSTANDING CHANDRAYAAN 3 AND ITS MISSION

You may have heard that Chandrayaan 3 has been successful in landing on the moon. It is among the greatest accomplishments of India. This article will provide an overview about how the mission of chandrayaan 3 was carried out.

What was the reason for Chandrayaan 2 failure?

The first project, Chandrayaan 2 failed partially. It also has the same objectives. It was launched safely into space and was preparing to arrive on the moon when it realized that the lunar lander was unable to work. It is not accurate to conclude that it had completely failed since orbitor continued to work. The unsuccessful landing on lunar soil led to the necessity for a Chandrayaan 3 mission. Chandrayaan 2 comprised the lander Vikram as well as an orbiter and a rover called Pragyan.

What was the purpose of Chandrayaan 3?

Chandrayaan 3 was inspired by these missions

  • A soft landing is made on lunar surface
  • Rover exploring the moon
  • Research and experiments

The mission was successful with a value of 615 million Indian rupees. Chandrayaan 3 featured the following attributes:

  • Height 43.5 m
  • Diameter 4.0 m
  • The diameter of the heat shield is 5.0 meters
  • Lift of 650 tonnes or more

In addition to all of these features, Chandrayaan 3 includes six scientific payloads that can carry out an experiment i.e. moon landing softly.

What is the purpose of other nations to get to the South Pole of the Moon?

India had a successful landing at its south pole in space on August 23rd, 2023, following the failed landing by Chandrayaan 2. In the same way that many other countries would like to be able to land in the South Pole however, India’s Indian space research organization (ISRO) has created a record of the landing. Other nations like China are still working towards this goal and are working towards it. This raises a vital question: why is everyone looking to get to the South Pole? This section of the article will address the question.

The moon’s south pole is believed to contain traces that contain water as ice, which attracts scientists from various nations. Water plays a crucial role in sustaining human life. Scientists believe that this could also aid to reach Mars and also act as a coolant for rockets. Water is also reduced into the form of oxygen and hydrogen that are essential components of the human body. Therefore, in the future, should scientists accomplish this task and live on the moon, life could be possible.

What are the reasons why it is difficult to get to the southern pole of the moon?

Moon’s south-facing pole is dark due to the tilt of the moon’s location, which makes the journey to it risky. Apart from that it is more likely to be a danger because of its rock-like and sloping surface. One mistake could damage the lander just as it has a chance to land successfully as it did with Chandrayaan 2. Moon’s south pole is located opposite from the place where earth is observed. It’s impossible to see Earth until you reach the south pole of the moon.

Since sunlight cannot penetrate at the southern hemisphere of the moon, temperatures are extremely low at this point. Spacecrafts that venture into space to study the south pole have to be capable of enduring cold temperatures. It should not depend on solar power because of the absence of sunlight. If it does, it could fail instantly.

Conclusion

With the landing of Chandrayaan 3, which is located on the southern pole of the moon. India is now the fourth country to be the first nation to land on the moon and the first that has landed on the pole of the south. Following the somewhat unsuccessful mission of Chandrayaan 2, India kept striving and eventually was successful with this Chandrayaan 3 mission. The missions listed in the article are accomplished by India and helped to create a record for humanity.

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